Bioplastics: Bacteria produce plastic
Bio-based plastics reduce dependency on fossil energies
Biotechnology offers great potential.
For example, the US Department of Energy’s vision for the United States is for a quarter of all chemicals to be based on natural materials by 2030. In plant engineering we mainly use biotechnology to produce chemicals from biomass – an important trend in times of increasingly scarce raw materials.
Biotechnology methods can already be used to manufacture various products on a large scale, including lactic acid, the starting material for polylactic acid (PLA), a biodegradable plastic. Carrier bags, refuse sacks, disposable tableware, packaging films, bottles – biodegradable plastics can be used for a wide range of applications.